Friday, June 30, 2017

Mystery Cookbook

Recently volunteering at the museum and working in the archives I came across a manila envelope that had writing on it that stated, "very old cookbook w/out cover, binding, title or author".  So of course I had to check it out!

Inside I did indeed find a very old cookbook, in fragile condition.  No cover, no title or author, no publisher, no date, no anything to identify it.

I was intrigued by it.  Obviously very old, the recipes were not written in the form we are so used to in contemporary times with a list of ingredients and then the instructions, these recipes are in paragraph form with all of those items intertwined.  But as I was gently browsing the cookbook's pages I discovered the clue(s) that would help me identify what cookbook this is...


Obviously this book is related to the Presidents or the President's was a very quick Internet search that led me to "The White House Cookbook".

The first White House Cook book was published in 1887 and the author was Fanny Gillette.  Frances Gillette Hern was an enslaved cook at the White House at age 18 working there with her sister-in-law Edith Hern Fossett.  They learned French cooking under the hand of the White House chef.  They also were President Jefferson's cooks at Monticello after he retired.

The next edition was contributed to by the White House Steward, Hugo Ziemann who was steward to President Chester Arthur.  He included  recipes, menus, and cooking techniques he had used while serving as the official White House chef.  The cookbook also included proper housekeeping methods and information on preparing items such as hair dye, lip salve, shampoo,  toothpaste, and perfumes from scratch.   Here are a couple of pages of the weekly menu:

The following are some interesting recipes - nothing I would eat - but interesting:

The cook book was published up at least through 1967, and a Centennial Edition was published in 1987.  Here are a couple of other websites that have interesting articles or history about this.

and from the "Kitchen Sisters"

During my research I also found a photo on Google of what the cover possibly looked like:

I didn't have time to dig through the files to see if we have the info on who donated it or where it came from.  If I find it I will add that information to this post.

Just another fun treasure and adventure at the Apache County Historical Society Museum!

Sunday, November 13, 2016

John T. Hogue – Apache County Superintendent of Schools 1899-1906

So recently I received a call from the Apache County Schools office as they are looking for more information on the past County Schools Superintendents.  That’s ALL it took to get me off and running on a research project!!  We have some very interesting subjects here!  I chose to write about one of them in this blog post because he intrigued me, and also we are just past celebrating Veteran’s Day and he was a Civil War Veteran.  

John T. Hogue

Apache County Superintendent of Schools 1899-1906

Captain John Thomas Hogue 1835-1911
Photo Courtesy: Kelly Owens

John Thomas Hogue was born on March 8, 1835, in Xenia, Ohio.  He married Mary Elizabeth Marsh on May 26, 1858, in Ohio. They had five children in 12 years.   

He served in the Civil War in the “Grand Old Army of the Republic”.   His first enlistment was in the 6th Independent Company, Ohio Cavalry in 1861.  Later that year his enlistment was transferred to the 3rd New York Cavalry where he saw very strenuous and long continued service, principally in North Carolina and Virginia.  He was promoted to the position of Regimental Quartermaster in 1863 and was honorably discharged at Richmond, Virginia on 4 February 1866.

In the early 1880s they moved to St. Johns, Apache County, Arizona where they resided for almost 30 years.  Captain Hogue, at different times served the people of Apache County in various positions including: County Superintendent of Schools, Clerk of the District Court, Probate Judge, and territorial legislator.

He was county School Superintendent from 1899-1906.  In 1901 he presided over the County Teachers Institute held in St. Johns, during the month of December.  On one of the days he spoke on “Supervision, the relation of the different parties concerned or interested in public schools.”  The institute was attended by the following teachers: 

·         J.W. Brown
·         J.T. Brown
·         A.S. Gibbons
·         D.D. Collins
·         J.N. Bilyeu
·         Leila Kempe
·         Pearl Udall
·         Amelia Hunt (Garcia – later to become County School Superintendent)
·         W.S. Gibbons
·         Gracia Fernandez
·         C. Jensen
·         Charlotte Kempe
·         E.L. Crooper
·         Berth F. Fearon
·         Naomi Freemen
·         E.S. Perkins
·         Lavenia Berry
·         R.E. Ling

In 1906 upon his retirement/replacement as County Superintendent of Schools he was presented with a “Loving Cup” on 28 Dec 1906.  
St. Johns Herald & Apache News, 20 Dec 1906

 I had never heard of such a thing and therefore had to pursue additional research to find out about the “Loving Cup”.  I found this on Wikipedia:  “A loving cup is a shared drinking container traditionally used at weddings and banquets. It usually has two handles and is often made of silver. Loving cups are often given as trophies to winners of games or other competitions. They can be found in several European cultures, including the Celtic quaich and the French coupe de marriage.”  I also found articles in the St. Johns Herald about the formation of the “Loving Cup Club” in 1900, and in the next issue the following article talking about the history of the “Loving Cup”:
St. Johns Herald,  27 Jan 1900

In June of 1910 he was recognized in the St. Johns Herald and Apache Newspaper, in an article about Memorial Day Celebrations, as the “only living representative of the Grand Army in our town now.”

In the last year of his life, due to failing health, he returned east to be among friends at Washington.   He died on March 28, 1911, in DC, having lived a long life of 76 years.  He was a member of George H. Thomas Post G.A.R. (Grand Army of the Republic) and by that Post was buried with honors at Arlington National Cemetery in Virginia.

Sunday, August 7, 2016

John T. LeSueur and Geneva Casto

John T. LeSueur and Geneva Casto

by Geneva Greer and Anona C. Heap (Granddaughters)

(Don't have a "date written")

John [Taylor] and Geneva LeSueur arrived in St. Johns, Apache County, April 10, 1880.  They had lived in the Salt River Valley for one year, but because of the heat, they decided to return to Idaho, their former home.  On their way back they stopped in the little community of St. Johns to visit their sister, Mrs. John Davis.  Grandfather used to say, "We thought we would stop and wait for the wind to stop blowing, it never did so we stayed."

John was born in St. Helier, Jersey, on of the Channel Islands of Europe, in 1852.  He came to the United States with his parents and four sisters in 1855.  His only brother, William F., was born in Bountiful, Utah, November 12, 1856.

Geneva Casto was born in Ogden, Utah in 1857.  John T. and Geneva were married in 1875.

We have heard our grandmother tell of their first home in St. Johns made of cedar posts set vertical in the ground, cracks filled in with mud, dirt floor and roof.  Their bedstead made of small posts driven into the ground and tied into the wall and 'spring' made by weaving willows across.  Here, with John's widowed mother, Caroline, and two small boys, they lived until John could earn enough and have time to build a better house.

The only employment to be had anywhere around was hauling freight supplies from Albuquerque, New Mexico to the crews laying the railroad.  This was a long way from home so he would not see his family for months at a time.  John would leave the family with all the money he had with which to keep the wolf from the door.  He was always worried about his loved ones during his absence, and when he had enough wages to tide them over the immediate future, he went home.  As he neared his homestead he saw his wife and two sons waving their welcome.  As he neared his humble cabin the boys raced to meet him and carrying both to their mother, we can imagine that reunion.  Anxious to know if loved ones had suffered, for he had not left overly much wherewith to finance during his absence, he asked his wife how much money she had left from what he had left.  Without answering she took her scissors and cut open her bed tick and pulled out the package and handed it to him, it was just as he had left it, unopened, with the full $250.00 still in it.  John decided then that if he did not make a success financially it would not be the fault of his wife.  The future proved his conclusion to be correct, with a wife like he had he could not fail.  Grandmother Geneva had made hair switches and handwork for the wealthy Spanish ladies and had earned enough to keep them for the six months Grandfather had been away.

John moved his family nearer to town and built a better home for them.  Their family continued to grow and soon he built a large two-storied home that still stands and is lived in.
Photo found on  At present, 2016, the home is STILL lived in
and has had much restoration work done to it.
His savings he very carefully invested in sheep with W. E. Platt and J. B. Patterson.  He purchased the Drug Store and with others, enlarged and incorporated it into the St. Johns Drug Company, now owned by the Andersons, sons of the original owner, Charles P. Anderson.

In 1883 the St. Johns Co-op Store was started and John and Willard Farr were employed to run it.  Later it was combined with the ZCMI.  He managed the store for fifteen years.  He learned his merchandising skill from his mother.  For three years he owned and helped operate the only county newspaper, the St. Johns Herald.

Recently, going through some old papers at the county courthouse, we found Grandfather LeSueur's signature as County Superintendent of Schools, so we thought we would check and see just how many office he held in early Apache County and we found:
  • Justice of the Peace
  • County Treasurer
  • Probate Judge
  • County School Superintendent
  • Member of the Territorial Legislature
  • Territorial Prison Commissioner
He remarked, "I accepted the nominations very reluctantly as I desired to give my attention to my personal interests and asked people to vote for my opponent but was elected by a great majority."

In 1900, John and Geneva suffered a great tragedy, their nineteen-year old son, Frank, and another young man, Gus Gibbons, were murdered by a band of outlaws while serving with a posse hunting for the outlaws.  Their bullet-ridden bodies were found twenty-five miles east of St. Johns.  The whole town mourned the loss of the two fine young men.  A marker marks the lonely spot and one can see how they were shot as they were going up the hill.  (See an earlier blog post of mine to read the full story of this ambush and murder.)

Grandfather LeSueur had many ups and down and suffered great losses and sorrows in his long, useful career.  To mention the five great sorrows of his life; the death of hist first born, a son; the death of his dear mother in 1898; the murder of his son Frank in an ambush' the death of his beloved wife, Geneva, in 1925, a bereavement from which he never recovered; the death of his son Leo, a lieutenant of the first world war, who died from pneumonia.

John T. LeSueur and Geneva Cast LeSueur can honestly be called "Early Pioneers of Apache County".  Ten of their twelve children were born in St. Johns and they spent twenty-five of their best years here.  In 1905 their church called them to move to Mesa and for Grandfather to become the President of the Stake in Mesa.  In his own words, "We had been living in St. Johns for twenty-five years and had become very attached to the place and the people.  We had many dear friends and as far as I know, no enemies.  We had a good residence and our children were growing up under a good environment with good schools and church.  I reluctantly accepted the call, I felt incompetent for such a high responsibility and did not want to move away from St. Johns were I was comfortably situated."

Grandfather was very active in the planning and building of the "Arizona Temple" in Mesa.  He lived to a grand old age of 92 years, mentally alert, physically strong and straight as a string until he died on November 29, 1945.


This story/history was found in a notebook titled, "Apache County Historical Society Quarterly, Vol. II, December 1977".

Here is a link to another history of the LeSueurs found on (not sure if you have to have an account and sign-in to read it?)

Mesa, Arizona Temple of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints

Wednesday, February 10, 2016

Overson Postcard Collection

After a year-long hiatus from my blog, for personal reasons, I AM BACK!  

There is a treasure in the museum archives that I over-looked for quite some time.  One day I decided to take a closer look and found a veritable treasure in these antique postcards!  It is a two-fold treasure.  Number 1:  The artwork and value of the postcards themselves;  Number 2: The communications from a young Mormon missionary in the field to his older sister back home.

Overson family - photograph courtesy of SueAn Stradling-Collins
 Mary Sophia Overson was the second child born to Ove Christian Ovesen and Mary Kjerstina Christensen.  She was born in 1872 in Ephriam, Utah, but by the time her baby brother Lyman Marion Overson was born in 1887 the family had moved to St. Johns, Arizona.

In December of 1894 Sophia married William O. Gibbons in Springerville, Arizona, however William passed away  6 January 1906.  A family story has been told that he was killed trying to save a woman in a runaway stagecoach.

In March of 1908 Lyman left to serve a mission for the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints in the Indiana area.  
St. Johns Herald & Apache News-March 26, 1908

St. Johns Herald & Apache News-August 13, 1908

 During 1908-1909 while he was serving his mission he corresponded often with his "big sister" back home.  Sophia kept the postcards that Lyman sent, and also other postcards from people he was teaching the gospel to.   (Those postcards were donated to the Apache County Historical Society Museum in St. Johns.)  Here are just a couple of the postcards.  I am in the process of scanning them; 120 so far.  I hope to add them as a collection to the historical database I am helping to create via the Apache County Library District:  the Apache County Digital History Alliance


Sophia remarried to James Omer Smith in December of 1912.

After his mission Lyman married Viola May Forrest in 1911.  They had a son, Wesley Ellsworth in 1912, and a daughter Bernice in 1916. (The only two children I found.) Sadly, Lyman was a victim of the Spanish Flu epidemic and passed away in 1918.

St. Johns Herald, December 26, 1918

Lyman's widow Viola ran for and was elected as the Apache County Recorder in 1920. The Oveson/Overson family left a great heritage and many Overson descendants still live in the St. Johns area.

St. Johns Herald - 25 November 1920

All newspaper article available online through the Arizona Digital Newspaper Program.

Saturday, October 11, 2014

Greer Piano

The Greer Piano on display in the Apache County Historical Society Museum
on indefinite loan by the family of Lillian Oasis Greer Parks.  (By Suzanne Wisc)


"Can a piano talk?  This big, black grand piano talked.  It said, 'Buy me,' to Ellen C. Greer, in Albuquerque, New Mexico when she was choosing pianos in 1883 and she bought it for $500.  Then is was crated and shipped, by train, to Holbrook, Arizona.  Here it was loaded on a freight wagon and with four horses pulling it was taken about fifty miles to a ranch between Holbrook and St. Johns, where there was to be a big wedding.

For months previous that sewing machines had been humming, sewing the lovely statin and silk, the nuns veiling, lace, ribbon and embroidery into mystic wedding dresses for three dreamy brides, Lizzie Drew, Hannah Kempe, and Dessie Greer who were to be married to Frances Armstrong, Dick Greer, and Frank Drew respectively on October 3, 1883.

Of course there must be music and a piano and a wedding march!  So she had to buy the piano, all their supplies came from Albuquerque.  The wedding march was played by a music teacher, Mrs. Margaret Baird, Ellen's sister and Aunt of two of the wedding party.  It was Mendelssohn's Wedding March and there were bridesmaids and best men and lots of food that had been in preparation for days.

The man to perform the ceremonies was Mr. John T. LeSueur, who came about 25 miles, from St. Johns, of course by team and buggy.  That or horseback being the means of travel there in those days.  Friends came from far and near, there was food enough for all, but it was impossible to provide beds for all even by using another house, Aunt Maggie Baird's, across the flat, where the wedding supper was to be held.  So the guests had to dance all night, an orchestra had been provided and the hours sped by, in the early morning hours carriages, wagons, and horsemen were lining the roads, returning home.

And was the piano silent?  No, there was fun, laughter, music and song constantly, Harris with his accordion, Lacy with banjo, and later on Ann with guitar and Maggie a mandolin and the girls learning to play the piano and become proficient piano-players as we befitting young ladies in those days.

It became best for the mother to move to Concho, about ten miles away.  Here the piano was the nucleus for the young and old to gather around for many years for joy and pleasure.  Music can put joy in one's step and sunshine in his heart and give relief and comfort when in tears.  It may take one into another world and make a person fell soft and good, it may put life in the feet and make people dance, step and move in rhythm with other feet even keeping time unconsciously together.  Martial music puts heart and courage in the weary soldier, strength in his step when he is too heart-sick and weary to go on, yes music talks!

There came a time when the children were all married and gone the mother and the piano moved again, this time to St. Johns, about twenty miles this time.  But she did not need it much now.  Her daughter, Margaret, in Provo, a piano teacher, gave lessons.  It was decided to send it to her.  Now it was sixty long miles from the railroad, moving vans were not known there then, the cost to ship it was high, it was decided to sell it and send the money instead.  One hundred dollars was the price asked.  Jarvis' purchased it first, then a Mr. Mineer, and next is was in a barn or storehouse with its parts scattered about.  It did not want to talk then only to say, 'Take me out of here, let me make people happy.'

It stayed there a number of years, then Lillian Greer Parks found it.  Her brother John had it hauled to her home at Sunny Slope, near Phoenix, Arizona.  Here she had Mr. Redwell put it into shape again with new strings, new keys and so on.  She had thought to sell it as an antique, but when she had it in her house she grew to love it and could not part with it.  She turned her own piano in on the repair bill.  She thought so much of it that she feared to go away and leave it in an unoccupied house. 

Lillian passed away.  She had told her sister Flossie,  'If I go, Grandma's piano is yours.'

What is in store for this family piano, to continue being a prized family heirloom or to be sold to an antique shop or what?"

(Story donated with piano - not sure of author).

Saturday, July 26, 2014

Outlaws Kill Gus Gibbons & Frank LeSueur

On Monday, March 26, 1900 the mail carrier traveling between St. Johns and Springerville saw five men killing a beef.  When he got to Springerville, he reported it to Sheriff Beeler, who happened to be in Springerville that evening.  The Sheriff pulled together a posse and headed after them.

The thieves had spent the night camped about 3 miles north of St. Johns, and when the posse caught up to them a gunfight ensued as the outlaws fled with the posse in pursuit.   The sheriff had left word for his deputy to organize a second posse to come and help them.  This second posse headed north to help out, and included the men who would never return:  Andrew A. (Gus) Gibbons and Frank LeSueur.

Andrew "Gus" Gibbons & Frank LeSueur
The second posse headed out of town, but meanwhile the horses in the Sheriff's posse got run-down and they turned back to St. Johns.  Unbeknownst to each other, the two posses passed each other, but were too far apart to realize what had happened.  The second posse with Gibbons & LeSueur continued on, following the tracks, all of the time thinking the Sheriff's posse was still ahead of them and needing their help.

As evening approached several other members of the posse decided to rest up for the night at a sheepherder's camp, but Gus and Frank unfortunately decided to continue the pursuit.  It was late in the afternoon when the two approached a rock bluff unaware of the fact that the outlaws were hiding at the top.  As they slowly made their way up the steep, rocky trail they were ambushed!  After killing both of the young men, the outlaws disfigured them by continuing to shoot them at point-blank range in the face/head.  They then stole their horses and belongings, leaving the lifeless bodies bleeding in the desolate place.

They were found the next day by a 3rd posse who had been organized by Gus' brother Richard Gibbons.  Being fine, upstanding young men, they were mourned by all.

Here is an excerpt from the Diary of Dick Gibbons that describes the scene they came upon:

"When we were about a half a mile away from it the ground over which we were traveling was a red clay formation and was all cut up by ruts and little washes and all of them ran toward the main wash. The country faced the northeast and when we came to where we could see the different object in the badlands, I saw an object on the steep hillside that startled me. It looked like the body of a man, but I would not admit it to myself. It was still too far away to be able to identify it and while I was thinking about it I saw another object that looked like a quilt had been thrown away by the outlaws and had been rolled up by the wind and lodged in the wash where it now laid, but as we drew nearer, I saw that it was the body of a man, and upon closer inspection, I recognized it as the body of my nephew, Gus Gibbons. It was lying in the bottom of a little draw with head down hill and face upwards, with three ghastly bullet holes through the head. One of them had entered his mouth and had come out the back of his neck, one had gone in at the left ear and come out below the mouth, breaking the lower jaw and disfigured the face awfully. In addition to these, he had several wounds in the body that we did not examine at the time.

We well knew what the other object was that we had noticed lying on the hillside. The sight was horrifying to the senses. To see the two boys lying there, boys I had known since they were in the cradle and had watched grow up. They were just in the pink of manhood and for them to be ambushed and shot down like dogs, without even a chance to fight for their lives, made me sick. It was murder in its worst form and there is not another crime beneath the roof of heaven that can stain the soul of man with a more infernal hue than an assassination such as this. They have out- villained villainy so far that the rarity of their crime almost redeems them. As soon as we had time to recover from the shock, we took steps to take care of the bodies. Will Gibbons, brother to Gus, and I stayed with the bodies while the rest returned to St. Johns and Will Sherwood was to come back later with a team."



Sunday, July 20, 2014

Amelia Hunt de Garcia and Monico Garcia - Two amazing early pioneers of Apache County

So this week I was at my "real" job - when I had a visit from a very nice couple who had been at the Museum and were researching some ancestors.  We then proceeded to have an incredibly interesting conversation about the woman's great grandparents:  Amelia Hunt and Monico Garcia.  She mentioned that Amelia had been the County Superintendent of Schools at one time, and also that she was a sister to George W. P. Hunt the first Governor of the STATE of Arizona!  That's all it took to set me off on another exciting adventure. 

Monico Garcia
I knew the name Monico Garcia sounded familiar and that is because his photo is in our exhibit on the town of Concho - as he and Amelia lived there at one time.   My visitor had mentioned seeing a photo of her Great-grandmother Amelia in the exhibit - so of course I had to go look at the exhibit again - and sure enough - there was the photo of beautiful Amelia!

Amelia Hunt de Garcia

What an amazing pair these two were!  They were outstanding citizens, and extremely involved in educating the children of Concho and St. Johns.  They each held many positions of responsibility as can be seen in this short summary I came across on the USGenWeb site while I was researching them:

History of Arizona, Page 484

"In one of the most exacting of vocations Mrs. Amelia Hunt Garcia has achieved distinctive success.  She has long been active in education affairs and is now serving as Superintendent of Schools of Apache County and as a member of the State Board of Education. She was born on her father's ranch, about eight
miles north of St. Joseph, Yavapai County on November 15, 1876, and is a daughter of James Clark and Juanita (Rubi) Hunt, the former of whom is referred to on other pages of this work.  She attended the public schools, completing her education in St. Johns Academy and the high school at Prescott in 1891. In that same year she began teaching in the schools at St. Johns and during the two following years taught at Concho. In 1896 she served as principal of the Concho schools in 1900 took the school at El Tule, where she remained two years, followed by another year as principal of the school at Concho. In 1907 Mrs. Garcia gain resumed her education work by taking the school at St. Johns after which she devoted her attention to her home until 1923 when she was elected County Superintendent of Schools, which position she is still filling.

On July 7, 1902 she became the wife of Monico Garcia of St. Johns, who at that time was County Recorder.  During the ensuing five years he served as Justice of the Peace and Notary Public, and as manager of A&B Schuster Company at Concho. In 1908 he was elected County Superintendent of Schools and Probate Judge, which dual position he held for two years, after which he was elected County Treasurer, in which office he served from 1910 to 1914.  In 1926 he graduated from the State Teachers College, since which time he has served as principal of the St. Johns schools. 

Mr. and Mrs. Garcia have been born four children..." 

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Monico and Amelia's Wedding Announcement
In searching the historical Apache County Newspapers on the Arizona Digital Newspaper Project I found many references to them in the early newspapers.  Including their wedding announcement:

Some other items of interest include Campaign mentions when Amelia was running for Apache County Superintendent of Schools.

St. Johns Herald Newspaper - 16 September 1920

St. Johns Herald Newspaper - 16 September 1920

I found many interesting anecdotes in the newspaper about them; Monico was a successful cattleman, among other things, and Amelia had a beautiful singing voice, but perhaps those are for another day.   Here is, what I thought to be, one of the most interesting items I found...this article in the Coconino Sun Newspaper in 1922.  I have searched quite a bit online seeing if I could find a copy of the song, and although I did find some other songs composed by A. Leopold Richard - I have not yet been able to find "My Arizona".  But I love the words!!

Coconino Sun Newspaper - August 14, 1922

Arizona!  Arizona!  We pledge our honor for thee to live, for thee to die;
No traitor's hand shall ever mar the brightness of thy glorious star.

Then here's to Arizona, with skies of deepest blue;
Then here's to Arizona, a dear land
We'll sing thy praises true.

Arizona!  Arizona!  To thy sons thou art the land of faith, the land of truth.
So quick to strike to right a wrong, with equal love for weak and strong."

Amelia Hunt de Garcia
Photo found on