Saturday, May 12, 2018

Everett & Mabel Hinkson - St. Johns Area Ranchers

May 12, 2018

Last week I was driving into St. Johns from working at the Concho Public Library, and as I looked over at the Theater a thought popped into my mind:  "I'm going to do a blog post on the Hinksons!"  I wondered how many people in the area remembered the Hinksons or knew much about them.  I realized how little I even knew about them!

I have a very vague recollection of Mr. Hinkson - just a memory of his face around town.  He passed away the year I graduated from High School, and as a teenager I wasn't paying much attention to anything outside my "teenage realm".  Mrs. Hinkson I remember coming into Triple S Market (a grocery store owned by the Whitings) when I worked there.  She would always stop and visit with my father, who was the butcher.  In the late 1980s, one Christmas I challenged myself to visit and take holiday treats to people who I didn't really know and were not on my "normal" Christmas list.  One of the first people who popped into my mind was Mrs. Hinkson, a widow with no family around that I knew of.  I was very nervous that I would frighten her and she wouldn't open her door or let me in because she didn't really know who I was.  Well, I got there and she DID open her door....a crack...and I started explaining to her that I was Denny's daughter and just wanted to wish her a Merry Christmas.  After a few minutes she invited me in, and we ended up visiting for several hours!!  She was SO sweet!  I have wished in the intervening years that I would have visited her more, but am so glad I at least visited her that Christmas!   That is my main memory of her.

Clovis News Journal Sun; Sunday, 11 Sept 1938
Mabel McDougal was born 22 November 1907 in Bowie Texas to John Hugh McDougal and Julia Ann Manning McDougal.  William Everett Hinkson was born 10 January 1902.  (MY birthday is the 10th of January - so cool!!  Never met anyone with same birthday as mine!)  He was born in Cairo, Nebraska one of 8 children of Preston Hinkson and Arendse Dehn Hinkson.

According to a newspaper article that I found in the White Mountain Independent from 1 February 2008; "Mabel and Everett had a long courtship and always intended to get married.  Soon after Everett purchased the Ojo Bonita ranch in New Mexico in 1938, he broke his leg jumping off a horse and asked his mother to call Mabel and ask if she could come to the ranch and care for him.  She immediately quit her job working in a dry goods store in Clovis and boarded a train to Gallup, New Mexico.  The two were married in 1938."  (Credit Judy Hayes, White Mountain Independent Newspaper)

Clovis News Journal.  Friday, 9 September 1938

Clovis News Journal.  18 Oct. 1938

Mabel and Everett Hinkson, photo found on Ancestry.  Used with permission.
The following is found on the "Hinkson Ranch" website / Ranch History:

"The registered herd was started in order to raise registered bulls for a commercial herd of Angus based cows that was owned and operated by my father, Frank Sr. and my uncle Everett Hinkson. This ranch, purchased in the 1930's, was on the Arizona-New Mexico border and ran around 1500 cows.

From 1960-1975 all the registered bulls that were suitable went to the Arizona ranch to work. The Arizona ranch was a big, rough, dry country and these bulls needed to have a little more frame and performance than what most breeders were raising in the 60's. The bulls had to travel long distances not only to breed cows but also to water, so they had to be sound on the feet and legs as well. Records indicate in 1954. 330 heifers off of that ranch sold into Colorado for 18 cents/lb and 440 steer mates sold to the same Colorado ranch for 20 cents/lb."

In 1984 Frank Hinkson, Sr., Everett's brother sold his share of the Arizona Ranch. His descendants now run the Hinkson Ranch in Kansas.

During the 1950s while Everett was ranching, Mabel was very active in the Northern Arizona Cow Belles.  A woman's club organized first in southern Arizona as a social club of ranch wives, that later grew statewide and turned their focus to promoting beef and consumer education regarding the nutritional value of beef.  The Northern Arizona Cow Belles was an "auxiliary" of the Northern Arizona Cattlemen's Association.

Arizona Republic. 14 March 1955

From the Arizona Cowbelles website:

"The Arizona State Cowbelles is an organization rich in history. “The Cowbelles” was organized as a social club by sixteen ranch wives in Douglas, a town in the very southeastern corner of Arizona, on October 17, 1939. The group’s purpose was “to promote family and social relations between cattle people and to cooperate for the best interests of our industry, our community, and our country”. One of the ladies’ first service projects was sewing quilts to donate to those in need. Soon they realized the need to educate consumers about the benefits of beef in the diet; many programs and activities were developed to accomplish this task.

Other women in Arizona heard about the unique Douglas group and all they were doing to promote beef. Thus, the Arizona State Cowbelles were organized in January, 1947, during the annual convention of the American National Cattlemen’s Association in Phoenix. As many as fifteen local Cowbelles groups have been active at one time throughout the state. Eventually a national organization was formed, now our American National CattleWomen, in 1952.

Over the years, the Arizona State Cowbelles have turned their primary focus to beef promotion and consumer education regarding the nutritional value of beef. Cowbelles work hand in hand with the Arizona Beef Council to bring the message of ranching and the beef industry to their local schools, communities and businesses. The organization, both statewide and locally, provide educational scholarships for Arizona’s youth. Cowbelles are also involved in legislative issues affecting the cattle industry."

The Northern Arizona Cowbelles was organized 19 February 1947.  In 1951/52 the organization compiled, edited and published "The Chuck Box" cook book. (There were additional printings in 1962 and 1973.)  Mabel Hinkson had several recipes included in the cookbook.

Published in 1951-52 by the Northern AZ Cow Belles

Mabel & Everett Hinkson at their home in St. Johns.  From Ancestry - used with permission.

The Hinkson's ranch was north/northeast of St. Johns, Arizona straddling the Arizona-New Mexico border.  As I was researching I found a video that had been posted on YouTube (presumably by a realtor during a time the ranch was for sale.)  Here is a screenshot of the ranch house taken from that video, and also the video:

From 1983-1994 the ranch was the site of the Ojo Bonito Archaeological Project:

"A survey and excavation project directed by Keith Kintigh and executed from 1983 through 1994. Approximate 58km2 were surveyed and 560 sites were recorded. Substantial excavations were undertaken at the Hinkson Site great house complex and Jaralosa Pueblo. Test excavations were completed at H-Spear, a Chacoan Great House located by the project and Ojo Bonito Pueblo. The project took place on the ranch of Mrs. Everett (Mabel) Hinkson (deceased). Most of the project work was done as a part of an Arizona State University summer archaeological field school."

The Hinksons were not able to have children and devoted all of their time to the ranch.  They split their time between their home in St. Johns, and the 120,000-acre cattle ranch. 

Arizona Republic.  6 July 1952

Arizona Republic. Tues. 1 March 1955

Everett Hinkson passed away 10 April 1983 in St. Johns, Arizona.  He was buried in Hereford, Texas. He was 82 years old.  About 9 years later, in 1992,  Mabel married Bill Hanshaw and they were great friends and companions.    On 17 July 2001, Mabel Hinkson passed away at age 93.  She was buried next to Everett in Hereford, Texas.

Mabel and Everett Hinkson

Hinkson's Headstone - Westpark Cemetery, Hereford, Texas

Upon her death, her second husband, Bill Hanshaw became executor of her estate.  He created a memorial foundation in Everett and Mabel's names and has donated money for much good in both Arizona and Texas to honor their memories.  This is how the Theater got much needed renovations and upgrades, and also made the Assisted Living Center in St. Johns possible.

Mr. Hanshaw also gifted a large donation to the Amarillo College in Hereford, Texas.  2011.

"William C. Hanshaw, who lives in Scottsdale, Ariz., has entered the picture at Amarillo College.

Hanshaw delivered a $3 million gift to AC to help it fund the construction of the Mabel McDougal Hinkson Memorial Campus of Amarillo College in Hereford in memory of Hanshaw’s late wife.
Mabel Hinkson was a native Hereford, and is buried in her hometown.  But her legacy lives on in the form of the grant bestowed by her husband."

Hinkson's St. Johns Home with the cattle brand on the chimney- 2018

2018-Hinkson's St. Johns home

So the next time someone wonders or asks "Who were the Hinksons?"  Perhaps this little blog post can help answer that question.

Post Script:

In 2009 the Zuni tribe purchased the Hinkson Ranch restoring an ancient "pilgrimage trail to Zuni Heaven" and ancestral land to the tribe.

Friday, June 30, 2017

Mystery Cookbook

Recently volunteering at the museum and working in the archives I came across a manila envelope that had writing on it that stated, "very old cookbook w/out cover, binding, title or author".  So of course I had to check it out!

Inside I did indeed find a very old cookbook, in fragile condition.  No cover, no title or author, no publisher, no date, no anything to identify it.

I was intrigued by it.  Obviously very old, the recipes were not written in the form we are so used to in contemporary times with a list of ingredients and then the instructions, these recipes are in paragraph form with all of those items intertwined.  But as I was gently browsing the cookbook's pages I discovered the clue(s) that would help me identify what cookbook this is...


Obviously this book is related to the Presidents or the President's was a very quick Internet search that led me to "The White House Cookbook".

The first White House Cook book was published in 1887 and the author was Fanny Gillette.  Frances Gillette Hern was an enslaved cook at the White House at age 18 working there with her sister-in-law Edith Hern Fossett.  They learned French cooking under the hand of the White House chef.  They also were President Jefferson's cooks at Monticello after he retired.

The next edition was contributed to by the White House Steward, Hugo Ziemann who was steward to President Chester Arthur.  He included  recipes, menus, and cooking techniques he had used while serving as the official White House chef.  The cookbook also included proper housekeeping methods and information on preparing items such as hair dye, lip salve, shampoo,  toothpaste, and perfumes from scratch.   Here are a couple of pages of the weekly menu:

The following are some interesting recipes - nothing I would eat - but interesting:

The cook book was published up at least through 1967, and a Centennial Edition was published in 1987.  Here are a couple of other websites that have interesting articles or history about this.

and from the "Kitchen Sisters"

During my research I also found a photo on Google of what the cover possibly looked like:

I didn't have time to dig through the files to see if we have the info on who donated it or where it came from.  If I find it I will add that information to this post.

Just another fun treasure and adventure at the Apache County Historical Society Museum!

Sunday, November 13, 2016

John T. Hogue – Apache County Superintendent of Schools 1899-1906

So recently I received a call from the Apache County Schools office as they are looking for more information on the past County Schools Superintendents.  That’s ALL it took to get me off and running on a research project!!  We have some very interesting subjects here!  I chose to write about one of them in this blog post because he intrigued me, and also we are just past celebrating Veteran’s Day and he was a Civil War Veteran.  

John T. Hogue

Apache County Superintendent of Schools 1899-1906

Captain John Thomas Hogue 1835-1911
Photo Courtesy: Kelly Owens

John Thomas Hogue was born on March 8, 1835, in Xenia, Ohio.  He married Mary Elizabeth Marsh on May 26, 1858, in Ohio. They had five children in 12 years.   

He served in the Civil War in the “Grand Old Army of the Republic”.   His first enlistment was in the 6th Independent Company, Ohio Cavalry in 1861.  Later that year his enlistment was transferred to the 3rd New York Cavalry where he saw very strenuous and long continued service, principally in North Carolina and Virginia.  He was promoted to the position of Regimental Quartermaster in 1863 and was honorably discharged at Richmond, Virginia on 4 February 1866.

In the early 1880s they moved to St. Johns, Apache County, Arizona where they resided for almost 30 years.  Captain Hogue, at different times served the people of Apache County in various positions including: County Superintendent of Schools, Clerk of the District Court, Probate Judge, and territorial legislator.

He was county School Superintendent from 1899-1906.  In 1901 he presided over the County Teachers Institute held in St. Johns, during the month of December.  On one of the days he spoke on “Supervision, the relation of the different parties concerned or interested in public schools.”  The institute was attended by the following teachers: 

·         J.W. Brown
·         J.T. Brown
·         A.S. Gibbons
·         D.D. Collins
·         J.N. Bilyeu
·         Leila Kempe
·         Pearl Udall
·         Amelia Hunt (Garcia – later to become County School Superintendent)
·         W.S. Gibbons
·         Gracia Fernandez
·         C. Jensen
·         Charlotte Kempe
·         E.L. Crooper
·         Berth F. Fearon
·         Naomi Freemen
·         E.S. Perkins
·         Lavenia Berry
·         R.E. Ling

In 1906 upon his retirement/replacement as County Superintendent of Schools he was presented with a “Loving Cup” on 28 Dec 1906.  
St. Johns Herald & Apache News, 20 Dec 1906

 I had never heard of such a thing and therefore had to pursue additional research to find out about the “Loving Cup”.  I found this on Wikipedia:  “A loving cup is a shared drinking container traditionally used at weddings and banquets. It usually has two handles and is often made of silver. Loving cups are often given as trophies to winners of games or other competitions. They can be found in several European cultures, including the Celtic quaich and the French coupe de marriage.”  I also found articles in the St. Johns Herald about the formation of the “Loving Cup Club” in 1900, and in the next issue the following article talking about the history of the “Loving Cup”:
St. Johns Herald,  27 Jan 1900

In June of 1910 he was recognized in the St. Johns Herald and Apache Newspaper, in an article about Memorial Day Celebrations, as the “only living representative of the Grand Army in our town now.”

In the last year of his life, due to failing health, he returned east to be among friends at Washington.   He died on March 28, 1911, in DC, having lived a long life of 76 years.  He was a member of George H. Thomas Post G.A.R. (Grand Army of the Republic) and by that Post was buried with honors at Arlington National Cemetery in Virginia.